Cistercian Order

The monastic order founded in 1098 at Citeaux (Latin Cistercium) by Robert of Molesme (d. 1110); a Benedictine reform. It was a strict, even puritanical order. The monks wore unbleached clothing, and undyed wool; they ate no meat, fish, or eggs. In their unheated cells they slept on bare boards. The lay brothers worked in the fields rather than studying in the *cloister. Cistercian churches were very plain, and undecorated, without stained glass or tower. Cistercians were the first to use the *conversus, a lay brother who had left the world to serve God. However, conversi only did manual labour; their regime was fairly relaxed and they were not obliged to observe the usual religious requirements of the regular monks, so strictly observed by the Cistercians. The use of these conversi was adopted by other orders, such as the Premonstratensians. The order required its members to establish themselves away from other people and to work the land themselves; they would transform wilderness into arable or pasture. They established many granges and possessed large flocks of sheep - whose great value contributed to King Richard I's ransom. Their first house in England was at Waverley, founded in 1128; Rievaulx followed in 1132. By 1152 there were 50 Cistercian houses in England, all remote. In the 13c there were some 600 Cistercian houses, of which more than 70 were in England. The Cistercians preached the crusade against the Albigensians in 1209. Trappists are a late reform of the Cistercians. -

Dictionary of Medieval Terms and Phrases. .

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  • Cistercian Order — Monastic order which follows an especially strict form of the Benedictine rule. Monks take vows of personal poverty, chastity and obedience to their abbot and the Benedictine Rule. Also known as White Monks. In medieval times, their wish for… …   Medieval glossary

  • CISTERCIAN ORDER —    founded in 1098 by Robert of Molesme as the White Monks, at Cîteaux in Burgundy. It is a strict religious Order based on the RULE of SAINT BENEDICT. Historically the Cistercians played an important role in the development of agriculture… …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Cistercian Order — n. Christian order founded in 1098 by Robert of Molesme (as the White Monks) which is a more severe branch of the Benedictines …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Cistercian Order of the Holy Cross — The Cistercian Order of the Holy Cross (abbreviated OCCO) is a group which has embraced the Primitive Rule of St. Benedict as Cistercians. Headquartered in Denver, Colorado, chapters were developed in several U.S. states. They offer men, clerical …   Wikipedia

  • Cistercian nuns — are female members of the Cistercian Order, a religious order belonging to the Roman Catholic branch of the Catholic Church. Contents 1 History 2 In North America 2.1 Monasteries of Cistercian nuns of the Strict Observance …   Wikipedia

  • Cistercian Sisters — • The first Cistercian monastery for women was established at Tart in the Diocese of Langres (now Dijon), in the year 1125, by sisters from the Benedictine monastery of Juilly, and with the co operation of St. Stephen Harding, Abbot of Cîteaux… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cistercian College, Roscrea — Cistercian College Roscrea Coláiste Cisteirseach Ros Cre Motto Insideat Coaelis amino sed corpore com de terris While his mind is on heavenly things, his body is on the ground. Established 1905 Location Roscrea, County Tipperary, Ireland Students …   Wikipedia

  • Cistercian Abbey of Waverley —     Cistercian Abbey of Waverley     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Cistercian Abbey of Waverley     Situated in Surrey, near Farnham, founded by William Gifford, Bishop of Winchester, on 24 Nov., 1124, was the second daughter of L Aumone, in Normandy …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Cistercian Monastery in Jędrzejów — dates to the 12th century. Founded by the Cistercian Order, the town of Jędrzejów grew around it. Blessed Polish bishop and historian, Wincenty Kadłubek, lived there for 5 years and was buried there. In 15th century, Veit Stoss worked there. It… …   Wikipedia

  • Cistercian architecture — Abbey church of Santa Maria Arabona, Italy …   Wikipedia

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